The Australian Type 1 Diabetes Clinical Research Network has partnered with the Immune Tolerance Network to launch a new Australian clinical trial to slow the development of newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes in children.
The EXTEND-P trial is expected to begin recruitment in March 2016 to test the ability of an existing drug called tocilizumab to preserve beta cell function. Tocilizumab, sold under the brand name Actemra, is currently approved for use in children with juvenile arthritis. Read More
People with type 1 diabetes (T1D) may be able to preserve their remaining beta cells with alefacept, a drug normally used for psoriasis.
A recent clinical trial has shown that alefacept was able to slow or halt the progression of beta cell destruction in people newly diagnosed with T1D, even two years after completing treatment. Read More
A commonly used vaccine has received FDA approval for a Phase II clinical trial to test its ability to reverse long-standing type 1 diabetes. The announcement was made at the 75th Scientific Sessions of the American Diabetes Association (ADA) by Associate Professor Denise Faustman from Massachusetts General Hospital.
The vaccine is known as bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), and has been used for over 90 years as a vaccine for tuberculosis, and more recently as a treatment for bladder cancer. A 2012 pilot study in adults with long standing type 1 diabetes showed that two injections of BCG spaced 4 weeks apart temporarily reduced the number of auto-reactive killer T cells and increased the number of beneficial regulatory T cells. The vaccine was able to transiently increase the amount of c-peptide in the blood, indicating some restoration of islet function and insulin secretion. Read More